FLORA OF ICELAND elements: Eriophorum angustifolium, Common Cottongrass

Eriophorum angustifolium; Common Cottongrass grows all around Iceland in marshes. Contrary to its name it is not a true grass but a sedge. Once the fruits mature the hairs grow very long and becomes a very recognizable sedge. A resembling species is E. scheuchzeri, Scheuchzer's cottongrass. Common cottongrass has multiple spikes on each flowering stem whereas Scheuchzer's cottongrass has only one spike in a single flowering stem.
It is a member of the sedge family (Cyperaceae). The Icelandic name of this species is Klófífa.

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A brief introduction to Iceland plants
Text & Photographs by Dick Vuijk - unless stated otherwise

single flowering stalk in fruiting stage with woolly hairs
Plants not yet in fruiting stage still without woolly hairs
Detail of inflorescences before fruiting stage - still without woolly hairs
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fruiting stage: woolly hairs

without woolly hairs

Inflorescences before fruiting stage

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